The Abolition of Forced Labour Convention is one of eight ILO conventions on the protection of labour rights. Together with the Forced Labour Convention (No.29), it regulates the use of forced labour.
The Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No. 105) was formally adopted in 1957 and entered into force in January 1959. The Convention build on the Forced Labour Convention (No. 29) from 1930 and sets up stricter principles regarding the exemptions from forced labour. This includes for instance the use of forced labour as a punishment for holding specific political views or as a punishment for strikes. Furthermore, it prohibits the use of forced labour for mobilising labour for economic development or as a measure of labour discipline. The Convention’s implementation is supervised by the ILO’s Committee of Experts. Every three years, a State Party must report on the current state of implementation, which is reviewed and evaluated by the Committee of Experts. The Abolition of Forced Labour Convention is part of the 15 core conventions covered under the GSP regulation.CEACR / ILO