Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)

The Forced Labour Convention aims to counteract the use of forced labour independent of the sector or type of work and is part of the eight fundamental ILO conventions for the protection of labour rights.

The Forced Labour Convention (No.29) was formally adopted in 1930 and became effective in May 1932. Together with the Abolition of Forced Labour Convention (No. 105) it defines the term “forced labour” and sets out principles to regulate and counteract the use of forced labour. Forced labour is understood as “all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily“(Article 2). There are, however, a number of exceptions to this definition which include inter alia military service as well as work carried out following a conviction in court. The Committee of Experts supervises the implementation of the Convention by the State Parties. Every three years, parties are required to submit reports on the current state of implementation. The Forced Labour Convention is part of the 15 core conventions covered under the GSP regulation.